Model Airplane News
May, 1945

Model Airplane News Cover for May, 1945 by Jo Kotula Vultee XP54 Swoose Goose

Vultee XP54 "Swoose Goose"
Model Airplane News Cover Art for May, 1945
by Jo Kotula
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Vultee submitted a proposal in response to a U.S. Army Air Corps request for an aircraft with unusual configuration. The Vultee design won the competition, beating the Curtiss XP-55 "Ascender" and the Northrop XP-56 "Black Bullet" (above) . Vultee had designated it Model 84, a descendant of their earlier Model 78. After completing preliminary engineering and wind tunnel tests, a contract for a prototype was awarded on 8 January 1941. A second prototype was ordered on 17 March 1942.

The Pratt & Whitney X-1800 engine was initially proposed as the powerplant but after its development was discontinued, the liquid-cooled Lycoming XH-2470 was substituted.

 Vultee XP-54 Swoose Goose

 Vultee XP-54 Swoose Goose

Vultee XP-54 "Swoose Goose"

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The XP-54 was designed with a pusher engine in the aft part of the fuselage. The tail was mounted rearward between two mid-wing booms, with the 12-ft propeller between them. The design included a "ducted wing section" and radiators and intercoolers in the inverted gull wing. Although it appeared to be a radical design, its actual performance was lackluster and the project was subsequently canceled.

Vultee XP-54 Swoose Goose  Design Patent D-138,795    Vultee XP-54 Swoose Goose  Design Patent D-138,795

Patent Diagrams for the Swoose Goose
Design Patent D-138,795
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